A charming city of bridges, an amazing “mountain city”

 

Speaking of Chongqing, many people may think of the obvious signs of Chongqing: beauties, hotpot and mountains. However, in many natives' heart, Chongqing owns another trademark: "a city of bridges".

In 2005, Chongqing was officially recognized as the "city of bridges" in China owning to the characteristics of great numbers, large scale, high-level technology, diversification and great influence at the annual conference of Mao Yisheng bridge committee.

Chongqing's special geographical conditions dictate that the bridges are indispensable for urban transportation. The city, which winds by the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers, Wujiang and many other tributaries, needs to link the various regions together by bridges. Therefore, more than ten thousand different-sized bridges are built in Chongqing. There are even 29 bridges distributed in the urban area. The construction density and difficulty are rarely seen in the world.

For Chongqing, the bridges have played witness to the development of the city. The Jialing River Bridge in Niujiaotuo, which was opened in 1966, is the first river-spanning bridge in Chongqing, with a construction time of eight years. Since Chongqing was ranked as a municipality, the bridge construction speed in urban Chongqing has accelerated. A great number of large-scale bridges like Lijiatuo Yangtze Bridge and Shimen Bridge have been put into use. In the urban area today, it's not unusual to build several river-spanning bridges at the same time.

For Chongqing, bridges represent the innovation of the city. Generally, bridges are divided into four major categories: beam bridges, arch bridges, cable-stayed bridges and suspension bridges, all of which can be found in Chongqing. The main span of Shibanpo Yangtze River Double-line Bridge stretches over 330 meters, which is the largest span of this type in the world. Caiyuanba Yangtze River Bridge is the largest dual-purpose long span arch bridge for buses and light rail; Chaotianmen Yangtze River Bridge is the world's longest span steel arch bridge with a length of 552 meters. This kind of innovative spirit has been honored during the construction process of new bridges. For example, Hongyan Village Bridge is the first cable-stayed bridge with high and low towers for dual purposes of bus and light rail in Chongqing. The Zengjiayan station of Line 10 which was built on Zengjiayan Bridge will be the first light rail station on a bridge in China. The Cuntan Yangtze River Bridge, combines the Chinese traditional Pailou structure and culture symbol with modern bridge structure, creating the largest "Chinese knot" of bridges in the world.

For Chongqing, bridges are closely connected with people's livelihood. In the urban area, crossing the bridge is a compulsory course for every citizen. Because there are many bridges built, two large river-spanning bridges will be distributed every five kilometers. About 60% of the population will go through more than two bridges every day. The bridges like Huanghuayuan Bridge, Egongyan Bridge, Yuao Bridge and Jiahua Bridge have become important choices for citizens.

Chongqing bridges not only look beautiful during the day, but also at night. The lights of Dongshuimen Bridge, Qiansimen Bridge, Jiayue Bridge and Dafosi Bridge are all impressive, interpreting the beauty of the city.